The horrors of the world shook throughout the time, the world witnessed the violation of human rights besides thousands of lives lost. The war was a wakeup call for the world. In 1945, the United Nations’ member countries came together to draft revolutionary laws promote and to safeguard its citizens’ human rights. In three years time, in 1948, the joint efforts of the countries paid off if the United Nations General Assembly adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights announcing that respect for human rights and human dignity is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. Shortly in 1950, the U.N encouraged all member States and interested organizations throughout the planet to celebrate 10th of December annually as World Human Rights Day.
2008, last year, marked the anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The theme of the campaign was Dignity and justice for all of us. In commemoration of the eventful year, the UN established a yearlong effort during which all sections of its own family reinforced the vision of this Declaration for a commitment to universal dignity and justice rather than something which ought to be regarded as a luxury or a wish-list.
What are human rights?
According to the UN, human rights are interrelated, interdependent and indivisible rights inherent to all human beings without discrimination and irrespective of our Moon jae in, gender, ethnic or national origin, color, religion, speech, or another status. We’re equally entitled without discrimination to our rights.
The Notion of human Rights has many faces. Civil and political is the right to life, and equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights are rights like the right to work, social security and education, and collective rights are the rights to growth and self-determination.
Treaties and laws to Enforce human rights
All authorities throughout the world countries are obliged to state, guarantee and uphold the fundamental human rights in all its faces by way of laws in the types of treaties, customary international laws, general principles and other sources of international laws.
While the core of this Universal Declaration has continued to stay the same that of protecting human rights where their offenses occur, the social, political, cultural and economic influences over the years has generated the need to have a flexible new network of tools and mechanisms in place that’s now being recognized and designed to enforce the objective. As an example, in the aftermath of the economic recession faced by many of the world nations today, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights OHCHR has been holding meetings and conventions to learn more about the human rights offenses already marginalized populations in several member countries. It has urged the states to do everything possible to make certain that the rights do not be affected by the recession to work.